Faudzil @ Ajak

Faudzil @ Ajak
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19 September 2014

JARVIS ISLANDS - United States Minor Outlying Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Minor Outlying Islands
Anthem: "Star Spangled Banner"
Locations of the United States Minor Outlying Islands in the Pacific Ocean; note that Navassa Island is not visible on this map.
Locations of the United States Minor Outlying Islands in the Pacific Ocean; note that Navassa Island is not visible on this map.
Administrative centerWashington, D.C.
Largest villageWake Island
Official languagesEnglish
  • American
  • Islander
 - PresidentBarack Obama (D)
 - Governornone
 - Lieutenant Governornone
 - Total34.2 km2 (190th)
13.2 sq mi
 - Water (%)88.6
 - 2009 estimate300 (232nd)
 - 2000 census316
 - Densityn/a/km2 (n/a)
n/a/sq mi
GDP (PPP)estimate
 - Totaln/a (n/a)
 - Per capita$46,381a (6th)
CurrencyUnited States dollar(USD)
ISO 3166 codeUM
Internet TLD.us b
a.2000 estimate.
b..um was retired in 2008.
The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code, consist of eight United States insular areas in the Pacific Ocean (Baker Island,Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island) and one in the Caribbean Sea (Navassa Island).

Among them, Palmyra Atoll is the only incorporated territory. As of 2008, none of the islands have any permanent residents. The only human population consists of temporarily stationed scientific and military personnel. The 2000 censusbcounted 315 people on Johnston Atoll and one person on Wake Island.[1] There has been no modern indigenous population, except at the 1940 census. In 1936 a colonization scheme began to settle Americans on Baker, Howland, and Jarvis, but all three islands were evacuated in 1942 as a result of World War II.[2][3]
The islands are grouped together as a statistical convenience. They are not administered collectively, nor do they share a single cultural or political history beyond being uninhabited islands under the sovereignty of the United States.
They are collectively represented by the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code UM. The individual islands have ISO 3166-2 numerical codes, see ISO 3166-2:UM. The Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) ".um" has historically been assigned to the islands; however, the .um ccTLD was retired in January 2007.[4]
The ISO introduced the term "United States Minor Outlying Islands" in 1986. From 1974 until 1986, five of the islands (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef) were grouped under the term United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands, with ISO 3166 code PU. The code of Midway Atoll was MI, the code of Johnston Atoll was JT, and the code of Wake Island was WK. The Pacific islands are surrounded by large Exclusive Economic Zones.


The following is a list of island airports with ICAO (IATA) codes:
  • PJON (JON): Johnston Atoll Airport, Johnston Atoll
  • PMDY (MDY): Henderson Field (Naval Air Facility), Sand Island
  • PWAK (AWK): Wake Island Airfield, Wake Island
  • PLPA: Palmyra (Cooper) Airport, Palmyra Atoll, Cooper Island
  • PBAR: Baker Island Airport, Baker Island
  • PLUR: Jarvis Airport, Jarvis Island
Other airports include:
  • Kamakaiwi Field: Howland Island (1937 to about 1945)[5]
  • Kingman Reef: The lagoon was used as a halfway station between Hawaii and American Samoa by Pan American Airways for flying boats in 1937 and 1938.[6]


Three of the islands are listed with ports in the World Port Index,[7] with World Port Number:
  • 56325 JOHNSTON ATOLL: Johnston Atoll
  • 56328 MIDWAY ISLAND: Midway Atoll
  • 56330 WAKE ISLAND: Wake Island
  • not listed WEST LAGOON: Palmyra Atoll
Baker Island, Howland Island and Jarvis Island have a small boat landing place on each. Kingman Reef and Navassa Island have offshore anchorage only.


Atoll/IslandIsland Area
Date of
Northern Pacific Ocean, scattered isolated islands
Wake IslandA7.4619°18′N 166°38′E2009 January 6[8][9]1899 January 17
Johnston AtollB2.5213016°45′N 169°31′W1926 July 29[10]1859 September 6
Northern Pacific Ocean, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Midway Atoll5.184028°13′N 177°22′W1996 November 1[11]1867 August 28
Central Pacific Ocean, Northern Line Islands
Kingman Reef0.01766°24′N 162°24′W2001 January 18[12]1860 February 8
Palmyra AtollB6.56155°53′N 162°05′W2001 January 18[13]1912 February 21
Central Pacific Ocean, Central Line Islands
Jarvis Island4.45-0°22′S 160°01′W1974 June 27[3]1856 October 28
Central Pacific Ocean, Northern Phoenix Islands
Baker Island1.24-0°12′N 176°29′W1974 June 27[2]1856 October 28
Howland Island1.62-0°48′N 176°37′W1974 June 27[2]1856 October 28
Caribbean Sea
Navassa IslandC5.2-18°24′N 75°01′W1999 December 3[14]1858 October 31
Bajo Nuevo BankD0.0215515°53′N 78°38′WN/A1869 November 22
Serranilla BankE0.02120015°50′N 79°50′WN/A1879 September 8
1880 September 13
U.S. Minor Outlying Islands34.2267
A Claimed by the Marshall Islands
B Previously claimed by Hawaii when independent. Palmyra was officially part of Hawaii until 1959.
C Claimed by Haiti
D Administered by Colombia and claimed by Jamaica and Nicaragua, not included in the ISO list of territories; its area is not included in the total
E Administered by Colombia and claimed by Honduras and Nicaragua, not included in the ISO list of territories; its area is not included in the total

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Minor_Outlying_Islands

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